Early symptoms of kidney failure include appetite loss, general feelings of fatigue, headaches, itchy, dry skin, nausea, weight loss (if you’re not trying to lose weight). End stage kidney failure is the result of damage done to the kidneys. It is called End Stage Renal Disease(ESRD). Some of the most common reasons are diabetes, hypertension, and high blood pressure. The polycystic kidney disease, injury to the kidney, kidney stones and infections may also increase the potential for ESRD.
Kidney Dialysis is a procedure that helps your body clear waste products from the blood when the kidneys no longer work. In most cases, end stage kidney failure is not diagnosed until up to 90% of the damage has been done. Kidney failure is usually a permanent condition, but some people can experience acute failure from an infection, which may get better when the infection clears.
There are two types of kidney dialysis – hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. To prepare for dialysis, you will need to change your diet, get up to date on your vaccines, and learn how to prevent an infection.
No matter which dialysis you choose it is of utmost importance that you are up to date with your vaccinations. This will help to reduce the potential for infection and illness. End stage renal disease can affect your immune system. The mortality rate is as high as 20% per year and major causes are cardiovascular diseases and infection. The dysfunction of the immune system is induced by uremia or higher levels of urea in the blood system.
Make sure you get plenty of sleep at night. Dialysis works better when you’re well rested because sleep assists your body in removing waste products. Ensure that you’ve eight hours each night to support the removal of waste products. If you have any trouble sleeping, let your doctor know at the earliest.
Tobacco increases your white blood cell count. This keeps the body under stress fighting the inflammation and damage caused by the chemicals. Nicotine causes a constriction of the blood vessels, decreasing the level of nutrients and oxygen available to the cells. Other chemicals also make the immune system less effective in fighting off infections. This will make you more vulnerable to autoimmune disorders. Try getting help to quit from free smoking cessation programs.
Remember to keep your hands very clean at every step of the way. Doing so will help to protect you from getting sick or developing an infection. Eat a well-balanced diet and make changes depending on your condition. It is important that you eat a high protein diet that is low in salt, potassium, and phosphorus. Avoid processed foods and limit your salt intake. Make sure you discuss your individual needs with your physician.
The catheter site will take about two weeks to heal before it may be used for dialysis. Once the site has heal, you’ll receive training on how to prepare your dialysis bags and machinery. You will learn how to connect and disconnect, how to dispose of the fluid and when to seek medical attention.
Dialysis might not be a painful treatment, but it may be uncomfortable at first. You may encounter cramps or itchiness. Anemia is a common side effect. Talk to your physician if you experience fatigue, shortness of breath, or a belief that you may have anemia. Changes in mood are common and experiencing sadness, depression, or other disruptive mood changes are just side effects.